Phonics and Reading Scheme

Phonics and Reading Scheme


All children in Foundation and Key Stage 1 will receive 20 minutes of phonics teaching each day in groups. Teachers ensure phonics teaching is systematic, in that it is regular, discrete, explicit and in an agreed and rational sequence. This will be taught using the Letters and Sounds programme. This synthetic phonics work begins simply with oral blending, that is, the children listen to sounds and then blend them. They also learn to say sounds, in order, that are represented by individual letters and pronounce these together to say a word. Synthetic phonics also teaches children to break down (segment) a word they hear into its individual sounds, starting from the first sound and working systematically through the word. For each sound they hear, they choose the letter or combination of letter, to represent that sound in order to spell the word.

  •  Phonics sessions are taught using multi-sensory activities. They are interactive and use both the indoor and outdoor environment, teaching children to blend sounds for reading and segment sounds for spelling. Each child’s progress will be tracked, using a phonics data tracking sheet.
  •  The children will continue with phonics sessions until they complete phase 6. Intervention programmes will be put in place for those under achieving.
  • Children will be assessed and taught with other children on the same phase. 
  • Children’s phonics ability will be tracked through to KS2 and children will be streamed into phonics groups according to ability. Those children who still need phonics teaching in Key Stage 2 will be taught using ‘Bounce Back to Phonics’.
  • Opportunities will be provided to link phonics teaching into shared and guided reading and writing and continuous provision.


  • Early Reading – Throughout the early reading phase the teaching and application of phonics is key. The children are taught to tune into sounds which they hear in both the classroom and the outdoor environment. They learn how to listen through story, games, rhymes and talk. The Jolly Phonics scheme is used alongside Letters and Sounds. Children are taught to segment and blend words moving onto letter recognition and formation when ready. They also read some common irregular words. Children in Reception and Year 1 receive at least 2 adult led reading sessions a week.  One session focuses on phonics and the second session on developing comprehension skills.  Reception children start guided reading in groups, when appropriate, in preparation for Year 1. There is a good selection of systematic synthetic phonics books including Floppy’s Phonics, Phonics Bug and Bug Club which enable the younger children to practise the skills they have been taught in their daily phonics lesson.
  • Guided Reading - This takes place on a daily basis.  In Key Stage 1, each group receives at least 2 adult led sessions per week, with children being taught in groups of up to 6. In guided reading, they read books which are more challenging than those which they might be able to read independently. Children then complete activities relating to the text they have read. Children continue to read phonetically decodable books until they are secure with Phase 5 phonics and are ready to start reading books in the purple book band.

In Key Stage 2, pupils are taught as a class.  During the week they are given plenty of opportunities to read text independently to ensure their reading fluency continues to develop. Key reading skills are explicitly taught.  I do, We do, You do, is our 3 step process for the teacher to model the skill. Pupils work in groups or pairs and then apply this learning to an independent activity.

  • Lancashire Reading Partners - Lancashire Reading Partners is a targeted, time-limited, one-to-one intervention over a 10-week period. It is designed to improve the way children read, enabling them to be independent problem solvers who read with understanding and enjoyment.
  • Home Reading - All children are provided with reading books to take home and read with parents. A reading record accompanies each book, which acts as a communication tool between staff and parents. Some suggested prompts for parents are included in their home reading record book. There is a good selection of systematic synthetic phonics books including Floppy’s Phonics, Phonics Bug and Bug Club which enable the younger children to practise the skills they have been taught in their daily phonics lesson. Lost or damaged books will be charged for. 
  • Shared Reading – Daily opportunities for children to read aloud as a class with the teacher modelling, using a range of texts and books on the interactive whiteboard.

Reading For Pleasure

Library – the library is available to all pupils across the school. Children are able to borrow books to take home to read.

 Lancashire School’s Library Service – project loan boxes are borrowed from the library service.  Children are able to read these books in school.

Class novel – each class should have a class novel which is read on a regular basis.

Reading Dares – coming very soon!


For more information about the Reading Scheme, Phonics or School Curriculum please contact Mrs Paterson (Deputy Head & English Subject Leader).